Art I Vocabulary

Art Vocabulary

1.    Elements of art (art elements)parts of art that can be named or described. Building blocks of art

2.    Line trail left by a moving point. Element of art that is used to define space, contours & outlines. Made with pointed tool, etc.

3.    Diagonal line line traveling at an angle. Shows movement, action, turmoil

4.    Vertical line line travel straight up & down. Shows formality, stability, stands at attention

5.    Horizontal line line that travels from side to side (following the horizon), depicts calmness, restfulness

6.    Expressive line send us messages about what an artist wants his/her work to make us feel. Abstract, unrecognizable

7.    Shape an element of art that is an enclosed space defined by other art elements such as line, color and texture

8.    Geometric shape mechanical, human-made shapes such as squares, triangles, circles, etc.  have regular edges opposed to irregular edges of organic shapes.

9.    Organic shape free shapes that represent living things having irregular edges. From imagination

10.                      Form element of art that appears three-dimensional (3-d version of a shape)

11.                      Geometric form3-d version of a geometric shape

12.                      Organic form free forms, or forms that represent living things having irregular edges. From imagination

13.     Color an art element with three properties: hue, value, & intensity.  Also, character of surfaces created by response of vision to wavelengths of reflected light.

14.                      Primary colors three basic colors, red, yellow, blue, from which all colors are made. Cannot be created by mixing any other pigments.

15.                      Secondary colors colors created by mixing two primary colors. Orange, green & violet.

16.                      Intermediate colors colors created by mixing a primary & a secondary color. Always name the primary color first. Red-orange, Red-violet, Blue-green, Blue-violet, Yellow-green & Yellow-orange

17.                      Complementary colors two colors that are directly opposite each other on the color wheel. Extreme contrast with each other.

18.                      Analogous colors a family of colors. Appear next to each other on the color wheel.

19.     Warm colors colors associated with fire, red, orange, yellow. Cause excitement

20.                      Cool colors colors associated with water, blue, green, violet. Appear calming

21.                      Texturesurface quality or characteristics (actual-real) or (implied-fisual)

22.     Value element of art concerned with degree of lightness or darkness

23.     Shading (tonal-blending)variationin the dark & light made by adding small or large amounts of black

24.                      Chiaroscuro Italian word meaning”light-dark”. Shows extreme contrasts to represent the effects of light & shadow

25.                      Hatching type of shading using parallel lines

26.                      Cross hatching type of shading of shading using crosses parallel lines

27.     Space element of art.  Area between, around, above, below, or within something

28.                      Negative & positive space positive space: enclosed areas or objects in an artwork. May be recognizable object or nonrepresentational

29.                      Proportion design principle reflecting the size relationship of parts to one another & to a whole

30.                      Composition act of organizing the elements of an artwork into a harmoniously unified whole.

31.                      Perspective Principle of design that represents 3-d objects on a flat surface to produce the same impression of distance and relative size as that received by the human eye.

32.                      Descriptive lines help us understand what we are are seeing such as outlines, contour lines, single lines & hatching

33.                      Implied lines lines that suggest an edge rather than clearly defining a line. Where textures, colors and/or values changes

34.                      Outlines surrounds a shape- outer edge

35.                      Contour lines define out edges of shapes. Unlike outlines, they vary in thickness and darkness & define edges of shapes within a form.

36.                      Pigment powdered coloring material for paint, crayons chalks & ink